ISO 27001 certification provides a set of controls that can be used to build and maintain an organization's information security management system. It is a viable option to get yourself certified against the ISO 27001 norms if you already have a system in place that is responsible for keeping track of your information security. Certification by an independent outsider party is the standard way to prove that your organization has an effective compliance program. There is also the possibility of an individual obtaining ISO 27001 certification if they possess the necessary qualifications. Data security is the focus of ISO 27001, the world's most widely accepted security standard. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO), in conjunction with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), publishes it annually. This certificate is part of a series of standards developed by the ISO/IEC 27000 to ensure information security.
Listed below are the steps to obtain ISO 27001 certification
Become more familiar with ISO 27001
By reading the Standard, you will gain a profound understanding of ISO 27001 and its requirements. The following are a few ways you can up-skill yourself regarding ISO 27001:
Identify and hire an expert for ISO 27001
When preparing for the certification process, it is helpful to understand ISO 27001 and its requirements. However, it is still necessary for you to hire an expert to assist you in the process. The person responsible for managing the process can be a member of your organization or a third party. Suppose you want someone with experience implementing ISMS so in that case, they should know how to implement its requirements within your organization in the best possible manner.
Ensure the support of senior management
It is imperative that the organization's leadership is bought-in and supported for a project to succeed. The earliest step in improving information security is to perform a gap analysis, which thoroughly reviews all existing information security arrangements against the requirements of ISO/IEC 27001:2013. During a gap analysis, your ISMS should be scoped with a prioritized list of recommended actions. By analysing the gaps in the existing system, we will be able to develop a business case that will support the implementation of ISO 27001 as a priority.
Create a framework for managing
As part of implementing ISO 27001, an organization must follow specific processes to achieve its objectives, as described in the management framework. It includes the assertion of responsibility for the ISMS, the establishment of a schedule of activities, and a regular auditing set-up to maintain a continuous improvement cycle.
Assess the risks involved in the project
ISO 27001 does not suggest a specific methodology for risk assessment, but it does specify the need for a formal process to be followed for risk assessment. It is essential to plan the process and record the data, analysis and results to accomplish this. Establishing your baseline security requirements is the first step toward conducting a risk assessment. The security of information is related to the organization's business, legal, and regulatory requirements, as well as its contractual obligations related to information security. Risk Cloud, the most straightforward and effective risk assessment software on the market today, provides the framework and resources to conduct an ISO 27001-compliant risk assessment.
Mitigate risks by implementing controls
The organization must determine whether to terminate, tolerate, treat, or transfer the risks outlined in the risk analysis. Regarding the certification audit, it is crucial to document all risk responses because the auditor will want to review them as part of the audit process. It is important to note that the Statement of Applicability (SOA) and Risk treatment plan (RTP) are two mandatory reports that must be presented as proof of the risk assessment steps.
Develop and conduct training programs
A staff awareness program is necessary to ensure that the organization knows the importance of information security throughout its operations. Establishing policies to encourage your employees to develop good habits is also essential. In addition, a clean desk policy might require you to ask your employees to lock computers whenever they leave their workstations. Undoubtedly, an e-learning course for company staff teaches the principles behind the Standard at the in-depth level and explains how employees can ensure compliance with it.
Ensure required documentation is reviewed and updated
As part of maintaining an ISMS, it is necessary to document several processes, policies, and procedures. However, compiling policies and procedures can be quite a challenging and time-consuming task due to the complexity of the undertaking. Fortunately, ISO 27001 experts have developed a range of documentation templates that can make most of the work easier for you. These templates are formatted and fully customizable and are designed to provide authorities with expert guidance so that any organization can meet all the requirements of ISO 27001.The following documentation must be provided at the very least by the Standard:
It is important to note that ISO 27001 supports a continuous improvement process. To ensure the effectiveness and compliance of an ISMS and identify ways to improve the processes and controls, it is necessary to continuously review and analyse its performance.
Conduct an internal audit
According to ISO/IEC 27001:2013, internal audits of the ISMS are required at regular intervals to ensure compliance. It is also imperative that managers responsible for implementing and maintaining ISO 27001 compliance have a comprehensive working knowledge of the lead audit process. The Online Certified ISO 27001 Lead Auditor course gives you the knowledge and skills needed to conduct an information security audit by ISO 27001:2013. Additionally, it will equip you with the skills to lead a team of auditors and conduct audits on a superficial level. If you have not yet selected a registrar, you may need to decide which organization is the appropriate one for this task. Audits on registration can only be performed by independent registrars accredited by your country's relevant accreditation authority.
Audits of registrations/certifications
It is necessary to ensure that your documentation is compliant with the requirements of ISO 27001. The auditor will assess your documentation during the Stage One audit. The audit department will also be able to point out any nonconformity and areas in which improvements need to be made to the management system.
Benefits of Implementation of ISO 27001 and its Controls in Company or Organization
One of the most obvious reasons to apply for ISO 27001 certification is that you can avoid security threats in the future. In addition to cyber criminals breaking into your organization, data breaches can also result from mistakes made by your internal actors.
By adopting ISO 27001, organizations can avoid the penalties linked with non-compliance with the GDPR and the other requirements associated with data protection.
Your commitment to information security can be demonstrated to stakeholders by achieving ISO 27001 compliance. Your reputation with existing clients and customers will improve, and you will win new business. Some organizations only work with ISO 27001 Certified companies.
Information security responsibilities will quickly disappear as organizations adapt and grow. ISO 27001 enables you to create a flexible system to keep everyone focused on information security. It also requires organizations to conduct annual risk assessments, which allow them to make necessary changes as needed.